عنوان مقاله [English]
This work is related to optimize the porous structure nanocomposites based on polypropylene fumarate/ hydroxyethyl methacrylate/ bioactive glass nanoparticles (PPF/HEMA/NBG) which are cross-linked through the Reduction-Oxidation reaction (free radical polymerization) at the room temperature. The porous structures prepared by immersion of the nanocomposites in simulated body fluid (SBF) for 4 weeks. The samples were optimized based on the PPF/HEMA ratio, the NBG content and percentage of the benzoyl peroxide and dimethyl aniline pairs (BPO+DMA) with mechanical strength (compressive strength) and surface morphology (SEM images) analyses. Finally, the best structure based on mentioned factors, SPHB.732/1.5, which contains the PPF/HEMA ratio at 30/70, NBG content at 20 wt% and BPO+DMA pairs at 1.5 wt% was introduced as the optimum structure. This structure has an elastic modulus of 57.7 Mpa, interconnected-open porous architecture with the pore size approximately 100-200μm and the surface coated with hydroxycarbonate apatite microparticles (HCA). The SPHB.732/1.5 structure prepared by soaking in SBF not only is a bioactive component but also is a biodegradable material and hence can be used as a bone scaffold when more evaluate for this application.