نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، پژوهشکده فناوری نانو و مواد پیشرفته، پژوهشگاه مواد و انرژی، مشکین دشت، البرز، ایران

2 استادیار، پژوهشکده فناوری نانو و مواد پیشرفته، پژوهشگاه مواد و انرژی، مشکین دشت، البرز، ایران

3 دانشیار، پژوهشکده سرامیک، پژوهشگاه مواد و انرژی، مشکین دشت، البرز، ایران

10.30501/jamt.2022.287519.1177

چکیده

بتن به‌دلیل استحکام، دوام و هزینه نسبتاً پایین، ماده‌ای است که در سراسر جهان، کاربرد بسیاری در ساخت‌وساز دارد. بااین‌حال، ترک ‌برداشتن و تخریب بتن، حتی در ابتدای عمر آن، اجتناب‌ناپذیر است. ازاین‌رو، قطعاً به تعمیر و ترمیم نیاز دارد. با توجه به این‌که بتن، در بیشتر موارد، بدون پوشش در محیط استفاده می‌شود و شرایط محیطی در طول عمر آن بسیار مؤثر است، استفاده از روش‌هایی برای افزایش دوام و طول عمر آن الزامی به نظر می‌رسد. براساس آمار به‌دست‌آمده از مقاله‌ها، پژوهش‌ها، آزمایش‌ها و مشاهدات عینی، گاهی هزینه تعمیر و ترمیم سازه، از هزینه ساخت آن هم بیشتر است. ترک‌های بتنی، دلیل اصلی کاهش عمر سازه‌های بتنی‌اند. بنابراین، از نظر اقتصادی، مقرون‌به‌صرفه‌تر است که به‌جای این‌که ترک‌های کوچک را پس از ایجاد ترک‌های بزرگ ترمیم کنیم، از رشد ترک‌های کوچک در لحظه ظهورشان جلوگیری کنیم. بدین‌منظور، بهترین راهکار این است که مواد ترمیم‌کننده، از قبل، برای بهبود ترک‌های زودرس، به بتن اضافه شوند که اصطلاحاً به این روش «خودترمیمی»‌ گفته می‌شود. ازاین‌رو، بتن خودترمیم در جهان، به‌ویژه در سال‌های اخیر، جایگاه ویژه‌ای در صنعت ساخت‌وساز یافته است. در مقاله حاضر، تعدادی از این ‌روش‌ها بررسی و با هم مقایسه می‌شوند تا مشخص شود که کدام روش قابلیت صنعتی‌شدن بیشتری دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

An Overview of Different Types of Self-Healing Concrete Construction Methods

نویسندگان [English]

  • Setareh Mehravar 1
  • Mojgan Heydari 2
  • Hossein Nouranian 3

1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Materials and Energy Research Center (MERC), MeshkinDasht, Alborz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Materials and Energy Research Center (MERC), MeshkinDasht, Alborz, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Ceramics, Materials and Energy Research Center (MERC), MeshkinDasht, Alborz, Iran

چکیده [English]

Concrete is the most widely used construction material around the globe due to its high strength, durability, and relatively low cost. However, concrete cracks and their detrimental effects are inevitable even in the early life of structures, thus emphasizing the necessity of repair. Given that in most cases, concrete appears uncoated in the environment, and the environmental conditions significantly affect its longevity, application of some specific methods to increase the durability and longevity of concrete stuructures is highly recommended. According to the statistics, research findings, and objective observations, the cost of repairing a structure is sometimes higher than that of construction itself. Concrete cracks significantly reduce the life time of concrete structures. Therefore, it is more cost-effective to prevent the appearance and growth of small cracks from the very first moments rather than repairing the cracks after their formation. To this end, it is recommended to add repair materials to the concrete beforehand to improve premature cracking, a method called self-healing. For this reason, self-healing concrete has found a special place in the construction industry in the world, especially in recent years. The current study presented a review and made a comparison of some of these self-healing concrete methods to find the method with the highest capability of industrialization.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Self-Healing Concrete
  • Microencapsulation
  • Bacterial Concrete
  • Mineral Admixtures
  • Nanoparticles
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