نوع مقاله : مقاله کامل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه شیمی ، مرکز آموزش عالی استهبان، استهبان، فارس، ایران

2 گروه شیمی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه هرمزگان، بندرعباس، هرمزگان، ایران

چکیده

در دهه گذشته، موارد فراوانی از روش‌های شیمیایی اصلاح‌شده، برای سنتز سبز نانومواد، گزارش‌ شده است. در این مطالعه، نظر به خواص قابل‌توجه نانومواد و مباحث زیست­ محیطی، روشی سریع و زیست­ سازگار، به ­صورت گزینه­ ای جدید، برای سنتز نانوذرات اکسید مس، با استفاده از عصاره گیاه سلمک، به‌عنوان یک عامل احیاکننده قابل‌تجدید­پذیر و غیرسمی و پایدارکننده­ای مؤثر، معرفی شد. قابل‌ذکر است که روش کنونی سنتز، می‌تواند امکان تولید سریع، ارزان و با راندمان بالای نانوذرات اکسید مس را با ریخت ­شناسی کروی (135 نانومتر)، در دما و فشار محیط، فراهم کند. بهینه‌سازی معیارهای مهم در تشکیل نانو­ذرات اکسید مس، نظیر pH، غلظت یون مس، مقدار عصاره، زمان و دما، بررسی شد. تشکیل نانوذرات اکسید مس، با آزمونهای طیف­ سنجی جذبی فرابنفش- مرئی، پراش پرتو ایکس، طیف ­سنجی تبدیل فوریه مادون‌قرمز و میکروسکوپ الکترونی عبوری، تأیید شد. به­ دلیل پایداری خوب و فعالیت کاتالیزوری زیاد نانوذرات اکسید مس سنتزشده، از آن‌ها، برای تخریب رنگ‌های متیلن­ بلو و رودامین ­بی، به ­عنوان آلاینده ­های رنگی آب، در حضور سدیم بوروهیدرید، در دمای اتاق، استفاده شد. فرایند واکنش، از طریق اندازه ­گیری­ های جذب فرابنفش- مرئی، در فواصل منظم زمانی، دنبال شد. کاهش متیلن­بلو و رودامین­ بی، مطابق شرایط واکنش، به ­ترتیب در مدت ‌زمان 8 و 52 دقیقه، انجام شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Rapid and Cost-Effective Biosynthesis of Copper Oxide Nanoparticles and Its Application as an Efficient Catalyst for Dye Removal in Aqueous Media

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Sedaghati 1
  • Fayezeh Samari 2
  • Mojgan Kamali 2

1 Department of Chemistry, Estahban Higher Education Center, Estahban, Fars, Iran

2 Department of Chemistry, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan, Iran

چکیده [English]

In the last decade, many cases of modified chemical processes for the green synthesis of nanomaterials have been reported. Considering the remarkable properties of nanomaterials and environmental issues, a rapid and biocompatible approach as a new option for the synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO-NPs) using Chenopodium album )C.album(leaf extract, as a renewable and non-toxic reducing agent and an effective stabilizer, was presented in this study. It is noteworthy that the current synthesis process can provide the possibility of rapid, cheap, and high efficiency production of CuO nanoparticles with a spherical morphology (135 nm) at ambient temperature and pressure. Optimization of important parameters in the formation of CuO-NPs, such as pH, copper ion concentration, the quantity of leaf extract, and incubation time and temperature was examined. The formation of CuO-NPs was confirmed by UltraViolet-Visible (UV–Vis) spectroscopy, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform InfraRed (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Owing to the good stability and superior catalytic activity of the synthesized CuO-NPs, they were used to degrade methylene blue (MB) and rhodamine B (RhB) dyes as water colour contaminants in the presence of NaBH4 at room temperature. The reaction process was monitored using UV-visible measurements at regular intervals. According to the reaction conditions, reduction of MB and RhB occurred at 8 min and 52 min, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Green synthesis
  • Copper oxide nanoparticles
  • Dye pollution
  • Catalyst
  • Environment
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